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Sarea și copiii – mituri și adevăruri – Infografic

by | Mar 15, 2018 | Infografice, Pași mici...

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MIT: Probleme de sănătate doar la adulți

Se spune că singurele probleme de sănătate apar la adulți și sunt legate de presiunea arterială sau probleme cu inima.

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ADEVĂR: Multă sare afectează ficatul

Consumul excesiv de sare afectează ficatul foarte mult chiar și la copii.1

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ADEVĂR: Riscuri mari pentru copii

Copiii care mănâncă multă sare au un risc crescut cu până la 35% de a dezvolta probleme cu tensiunea.2

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ADEVĂR: Sarea afectează multe organe

Pe lângă inimă sunt afectate și multe alte organe: rinichii, oasele, stomacul, creierul.3

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MIT: Copiii nu mănâncă fără sare!

Mitul conturează faptul că mâncarea este mai greu acceptată de copii dacă nu are sare!

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ADEVĂR: Schimbarea se face treptat

Dacă diminuați gradual conținutul de sare se poate trece la o dietă mai sănătoasă și poate crește apetitul pentru alte ingrediente refuzate înainte.4,5

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MIT: Eliminați sarea total !

Sarea este crucială pentru o presiune arterială normala și pentru funcționarea corectă a muschilor, dar în cantitatea potrivită.1

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Cantitatea necesară zilnic este

0-12 luni – 1 g / zi

1-3 ani – 2 g / zi

4-6 ani – 3 g / zi

7-10 ani – 5 g / zi

>  11 ani – 6 g / zi

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Cel Mai mare conținut de sare

Aceste alimente au un conținut de sare peste limitile normale.

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Conserve

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Mezeluri

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Panificație

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Pizza

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1Institute of Medicine (IOM). 2004. Dietary Reference Intakes for Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

2Rosner et al. Childhood blood pressure trends and risk factors for high blood pressure: The NHANES experience 1998-2008. Hypertension. 2013;62:247-254.

3Appel et al. The importance of population-wide sodium reduction as a means to prevent cardiovascular disease and stroke: A call to action from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2011, 15;123(10):1138-43.

4Antman et al. Stakeholder discussion to reduce population-wide sodium intake and decrease sodium in the food supply: A conference report from the American Heart Association sodium conference 2013 planning group. Circulation. 2014

5IOM. 2010. Strategies to Reduce Sodium Intake in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press

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