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Diferenta dintre frisoane si convulsii ~ Infografic

by | Nov 16, 2017 | Infografice, Pași mici...

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FRISOANELE

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Rolul frisoanelor este de a incalzi corpul

Atunci cand corpul identifica o infectie/inflamatie in organsim acesta incepe sa se incalzeasca pentru a omora agentii patogeni care nu rezista la temperaturi ridicate.

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Ce se intampla cand ai frisoane?

Prin miscari ritmice necontrolate muschii corpului se contracta si se relaxeaza brusc generand astfel caldura.

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Poate avea frisoane si fara febra

Daca se afla intr-o stare de hipotermie (daca ii este frig si temperatura corpului scade sub 35°C) atunci frisoanele pot incepe pentru a regla temperatura organismului.

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Alte simptome

De obicei frisoanele sunt insotite si de alte simptome ale bolii.

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Trec de la sine

Monitorizati copilul si stati langa el. Frisoanele se vor opri singure in cateva minute atunci cand se stabilizeaza temperatura.

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CONVULSIILE FEBRILE

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Doar 4%

Nu toti copiii manifesta convulsii febrile, ci doar 4% dintre acestia.

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Pastrati-va calmul

Stiu ca par infricosatoare pentru ca sunt similare cu manifestarile epileptice dar trebuie sa fiti calme pentru a-l putea ajuta.

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Cine este predispus convulsiilor

Convulsiile febrile pot aparea doar la bebelusii peste 6 luni si la copiii pana in 5-6 ani. Daca la prima febra peste 30°C nu a facut convulsii riscul scade, dar daca in familie cineva a avut aceste convulsii riscul creste.

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Nu lasa sechele pe mai tarziu

In mod normal nu exista afectiuni neurologice din cauza convulsiilor febrile. Acestea pot aparea doar daca febra depaseste 41°C pentru perioade lungi de timp.

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Seamana cu frisoanele doar ca…

… isi misca brutal corpul si isi poate pierde cunostiinta, poate varsa, poate urina necontrolat, poate avea dificultati de respiratie

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Apar doar peste 38°C

La temperaturi mici nu se manifesta convulsiile.
Temperatura trebuie sa fie peste 38°C

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Sunt 2 tipuri de convulsii

Simple/Complexe

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Convulsiile simple

  • Dureaza in jur de 15 minute
  • Nu se repeta in 24 de ore
  • Tremura tot corpul ritmic
  • Copiii nu au probleme neurologice
  • Apare la ascensiune febrila mare
  • Copilul nu are traume dupa

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Convulsiile complexe

  • Dureaza peste 15 minute
  • Se repeta in 24 de ore
  • Tremura doar o parte a corpului
  • Copiii au unele probleme neurologice (nu e obligatoriu)
  • Copilul poate suferi traume dupa

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Ce facem in cazul convulsiilor

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Tineti copilul departe de pericole. Nu trebuie sa se loveasca de nimic.

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Nu tineti nemiscat copilul cu forta. 

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Intorceti-l usor pe o parte ca sa nu se inece.

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Puneti ceva moale sub cap care sa ii sustina gatul

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Nu bagati nimic in gura copilului, se poate ineca

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Uitati-va la ceas sa vedeti cat a tinut criza. Medicul va vrea sa stie

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Dupa o criza copilul va fi dezorientat si s-ar putea sa vrea sa doarma un pic.

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Afla ce poti face daca micutul tau are febra din acest infografic

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