Efectele pe termen lung ale fumatului in sarcina

fumat 1 1200 min - Efectele pe termen lung ale fumatului in sarcina

Nu sunt fumatoare si nici nu am fumat vreodata, deci imi este greu sa stiu cat ii este de greu unei viitoare mamici sa se lase de fumat.

Totusi, am doua prietene foarte bune, fumatoare convinse, care atunci cand si-au dorit copii au incetat sa fumeze cu ceva timp inainte de a ramane insarcinate. Nu au fumat nici macat o tigara in timpul sarcinii sau cat au alaptat.

Gandindu-ma la ele si la cat de pro fumat au fost o viata intreaga si la cum au spus stop fara sa stea prea mult pe ganduri, ma intreb de ce nu toate mamicile nu sunt la fel de contiente de efectele devastatoare pe care le poate avea fumatul in perioada sarcinii.

Zilele trecute am auzit o discutie intre doua mamici care se intrebau cat de afectat poate fi copilul daca ele fumeaza chiar daca alapteaza… Una dintre ele sustinea chiar ca are acordul medicului si amandoua recunosteau ca au fumat chiar si in perioada sarcinii, spunand: ‘Ce i se poate intampla, va fi si el fumator..’

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Ca sa ii raspund mamicii care se intreba, cei mai multi copii de mamici fumatoare vor deveni fumatori. (Coincidenta sau nu, parintii mei sunt nefumatori).

Cand m-am intors acasa mi-am sunat medicul sa o intreb daca vreun doctor ar da un astfel de consimtamant. Mi-a raspuns ca refuza sa creada ca exista astfel de medici.

statistica 1 min - Efectele pe termen lung ale fumatului in sarcina

Cum poate sa afecteze fumatul in sarcina dezvoltarea bebelusului intrauterin sau dupa nastere?

Lista este lunga:

1. Poate afecta dezvoltarea plamanilor si a creierului pe termen lung, afectiuni ce pot avea repercursiuni intreaga viata (afectiuni pulmonare, paralizie cerebrala)

2. Dubleaza riscul de sangerare in timpul nasterii, ceea ce pune in pericol viata fatului dar si a mamei (risc crescut de infectii)

3. Creste riscul de a se naste copilul cu diverse defecte precum: buza de iepure, afectiune ce ii afecteaza modul de a manca si poate fi corectat doar prin chirurgie.

4. Bebelusii nascuti din mame fumatoare au o rata cu 20-30% mai mare sa se nasca cu maini sau picioare mai scurte sau lipsa sau cu forma capului sau a fetei anormala fata de cei nascuti din mama nefumatoare.

5. Copiii nascuti din mame sau chiar BUNICI fumatoare au un risc crescut de a dezvolta astm (afectiuni respiratorii)

6. Fumatul in sarcina poate dezvolta un risc crescut spre obezitate la bebelusi

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7. Creste riscul de nastere prematura, aceasta fiind cauza diverselor afectiuni ce pot duce la deces

8. 1 bebelus din 5 se va naste cu greutate mica din cauza fumatului din sarcina a mamei. Copiii cu greutate scazuta nu sunt asa de sanatosi si vir recupera greu

9. Copiii nascuti din mame fumatoare au un risc mai mare de a deceda din cauza sindromului mortii subite decat cei care nu au fost expusi fumului de tigara

10. Copiii au un risc crescut de orbire

11. Risc crescut de retard mintal, tulburari neurologice si de invatare, tulburari de comportament, ADHD

12. Risc crescut de cancer hepatic sau leucemie (in special leucemie limfatica acuta)

13. Risc crescut de a dezvolta alergii in copilarie

14. Risc crescut de a face colici

15. Efectul carcinogen al fumului de tigara se transmite fatului care creste riscul de a dezvolta (in timp, se poate vedea si la cativa ani) diverse neoplazii (tumori).

Fumul de tigara contine aproximativ 7000 de substante chimice dintre care 250 otravitoare si 70 cancerigene. Cele mai periculoase stim cu toti ca sunt nicotina si monoxidul de carbon.

Atunci cand mama fumeaza o parte din oxigenul din sange este inlocuit cu un gaz toxic, ce rezulta din ardere. Aceste substante toxice afecteaza bebelusul provocandu-i batai de inima mai rapide, afecteaza placenta prin care fatul este conectat la mama.

Daca o viitoare mama reuseste sa se opreasca din fumat in prima jumatate a sarcinii, organismul fatului are capacitatea de a se restabili, avand sanse aproape la fel de mari ca si la femeile nefumatoare sa se nasca normal!

NU, nu este suficient sa scazi numarul de tigari (desi am auzit si aceasta varianta ‘Nu mai fumez un pachet, ci doar dimineata la cafea’). Chiar si un fumat in cantitate moderata poate afecta sanatatea copilului, efectele fiind aceleasi.

Multa grija si iubire!

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fumat 1 A4 - Efectele pe termen lung ale fumatului in sarcina
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Efectele pe termen lung ale fumatului in sarcina
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Unele mamici cred ca bebelusii lor sunt bine desi ele au mai fumat in sarcina. Studiile arata cu totul altceva. #nufumainsarcina
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